Background: Kyrgyzstan - a developing country

Kyrgyzstan is one of the poorest republics in the former Soviet Union. There are not many natural resources in the country, apart from land for farming and grazing. Gold and other minerals can be found, but this industry is little developed. 

There are around 5.5 million inhabitants from different ethnic backgrounds in Kyrgyzstan, on an area a little under 200 000 square kilometres. 900 000 people live in the capital Bishkek. There is a considerable Uzbek minority living in Kyrgyzstan and until recently the conflict level has been quite high. This made the need for clear and secure rights in land even greater.

The project was aimed at the improvement of registration and information services to all groups of users requesting property registration and information. The project was built upon important achievements of the earlier projects, especially one financed by the World Bank.

Activities

The project consisted of three main components:

  • Activity 1: Specification of improvements to property registration system KLIS - Kyrgyz Land Information System
  • Activity 2: Surveying and mapping the remaining 20 % of privatized properties
  • Activity 3: Extension of KYRPOS - the network of continuously operating reference stations

Results

The task of Activity 1 was limited to design KLIS system architecture, to develop the database model and to prepare system requirement specifications. KLIS system development is now ongoing with the funds provided by Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA).

The goal of Activity 2 was to ensure that all privatized properties were well documented in the unique register, providing security of ownership to all, and better services to users of property information. Two local surveying companies were engaged to make electronic property maps for 7 local registration offices.

Activity 3: The World Bank also funded the establishment of a number of reference stations (KYRPOS-network) for efficient use of satellite technology for surveying of parcels boundaries especially. In the Norwegian project, this network was extended with 10 more stations, and the control centre was upgraded. Almost all areas of economic interest with active land market is now covered with KYRPOS services.

All main project goals were achieved within the budget delivering good and sustainable results.